PURPOSE: The Purpose of this article is to express a nonpartisan view of prolife philosophy. It does not advocate legal status of abortion. The article asks that people be more open-minded to a full term pregnancy.
Current biology and psychiatry states that human life begins at conception. However, ethics, such as abortion (pro-life, pro-choice) are not biological constructions, but sociological. We can use biology to support our claims, biology does not favour political views. People do. If you would like to read more about a biological, not sociological study of prenatal development, please read this: [link]
I myself am conservatively pro-life. I fully understand and recognize that being "pro-choice" does not mean "pro-abortion" what so ever. In a sense, we are all pro-choice, but the people who prefer the "pro-life" identity are those who would never consider abortion as a pregnancy alternative, whether it be of themselves or a loved one. A world of choice is ideal. My choice is to give birth. I hope others make this decision as well, but if they do not, I understand. I am not advocating legal action against abortion, nor am I questioning the morality of those who are pro-choice.
I do not wish to start a political / spiritual war here on this website so I have both disabled comments and will be brief in my purpose I creating this stamp. The primary evidence supporting the argument is based on up-to-date biology and psychology. Sources for further reading are provided at the bottom of this entry. Simply to be fair to the other side, I have also provided an honest pro-choice website. Your attention and sincerity are well received. Thank you kindly, and happy reading.
1. philosophy Remember, philosophy isn't fact or fiction, only opinion. My approach to the abortion debate is heavily aligned with biology. Some people may not like the biological approach and prefer the emotional approach. I refuse to argue my approach as absolute, the emotive approach as inferior. I'd not only be insensitive, but pretty stupid if I did.
Anti-abortion is not anti-feminist: Contemporary feminism has evolved to carry multiple bodies of beliefs. There are the very left-wing factions of feminism and the very right ring factions of feminism. The body of Radical-Feminism is more likely to adopt the “anti-abortion is anti-woman” theory. The more moderate forms of feminism (liberal feminism), which is more accurately coined as “gender-equality”, have split opinions on the matter. Strict gender-equality activists argue that because “[cis-sexual] men don’t become pregnant, abortion is not one of our issues.” More conservative feminists (sometimes known as neoliberal feminists) will argue that giving birth is pro-woman, under the philosophy that it is the natural law of their sex.
My body my right is biologically incorrect: This is a very sensitive issue fro both pro-lifers and pro-choice advocates. I myself reject the “my body, my choice” slogan. While it is true the fetus develops in her body, the fetus is not and never has been s part of her body.
Biology behind the claim: Once fertilized the egg plants itself into the uterus and is constantly views as a foreign object to the body. In other words, not at all a part of the female body even if it originated or dwells within her uterus. Recent research has shown that the developing child puts up a very specific defense against the killer T cell attack. And as long as the defense mechanism works properly, the pregnancy will proceed to full term.
Too keep the T cells from attacking, the embryo will release a chemical known as IDO (indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase). IDO calms the body's immune system and causes it to instead, nurture the fetus. The child was never apart of the womans body and never will be.
The more appropriate slogan should be "Do I have to be a vessel?" This decision is yours to make and I respect that decision.
But it isn't living: Biology defines the early stage of prenatal development as zygote, in which the zygote is technically a clump of cells. To say that a cell is "not living" is incorrect, as cells areorganisms and the basic unit of life. To use this fact more contextually: if the already living cells are allowed to duplicate, they will differntiate and become a human. The more correct argument for pro-choicers to us is that since these stem cells are not neurons, the zygote is incapable of feeling pain or emotion (in which pro-choicers will argue it is ethical.) While I find myself very understanding of this rationale, I myself must declaim it since I personally believe it is dehumanizing (please note that I did not say devalues life, as both pro-choicers and pro-lifers are capable of appreciating life.)
Biology behind the claim: Research has found that differentiation of the embryonic cells begin on the day of conception and may even be initiated by the point of entry of the sperm into the egg. When egg and sperm unite, they produce a single new cell, called the ‘zygote’, and the zygote is the first cell in the body of the new baby. When the zygote undergoes its first cell division to produce a two-celled embryo, it now appears that these two cells form the top-tail axis for all subsequent development. In other words, which part will be the head, for instance, is determined ‘up front’. And similar processes of orientation appear to continue during all subsequent cell divisions. With this known, day Two officially marks the blueprint in which the zygote will be human, so it should not be crudely defined as "nonliving" and a "clump of cells."
Right/Privilege to reproductivity: In all fairness, “right” and “privilege” argues the legal status of abortion. Since this article will not focus on the politics of abortion, it will much rather look at the philosophy behind the claim. Biologically, function of procreation is procreation. The intricate arrangements of male and female anatomy is designed in a stimulating manner to encourager reproduction-- otherwise there would be no incentive to reproduce. As our species socially evolved, “sexual intercourse” has adopted the synonym “make love.” Procreation is more than biology, it is sociology, which may explain feelings of alienation of in concern to pro-life advocacy. My approach to this topic is driven by a “function vs. feeling” philosophy. I value function over feeling, shifting my opinion towards the pro-life debate. Drawing from Darwinism, A couple that chooses to copulate, even if using contraceptives, should understand is a biological function intended for reproduction. For that reason, I advocate sexually active couples to have a pro-life plan in case a pregnancy occurs. Of course, I’m not here to instill my doctrine on anyone. I remain unquestionably respectful to those that disagree, no explanation necessary.
Please see the next section for more details.
I'm not prepared/I don't want Children: If a is woman is not prepared to be a mother, she may allow another woman to be a mother. In different countries, there are a number of women who cannot carry children to full term or are unable to adopt for whatever reason. An expecting mother who does not want the baby can either transfer the embryo to a fertile woman or carry the baby to full term for a guaranteed adoption.
Many woman, even those who wish to keep their baby, may be unable to care for the child emotionally / physically / financially, ect. If they chose to give their child to a different woman because they can give the child the safe and supported environment they deserve. Tightly knit communities are more than willing to care for the baby when a mother cannot. It may take extra investment for the expecting mother, but in the end it really makes a big difference. Instead of simply terminating a life, she has the potential of giving her baby and the adopting family a higher quality of life.
Please see the “Adoption” section more details.
Victim of rape: Girls and women do not chose to be raped. A following pregnancy was never at all intended, but deliberating the fate of the embryo/zygote/fetus is conscious. A very sensitive debate runs on both sides, justifiable by either party. In my personal belief, a child is never a punishment of someone else's crime- children are blessings. They did nothing wrong, why are they the ones to be sacrificed? If I was raped and became pregnant, I'd without second thought keep the baby. He/she is my child. C:
Health There are many health issues in relation to difficult pregnancy, but they are caused more often by lifestyle. There are exceptions, which will be discussed in the upcoming sections.
Risks: People will argue keeping a baby will cause problems for the mother physically. If she or the baby has a disease they could both die from it her, so eliminating the "threat" seems to be rartionale. I'm probably most sensitive to this subject, but I am still in opposition (FAS and FAE are my exceptions.) Many children have been born from diseased mothers, whether carrying the disease themselves or not. (This will be expanded further down; diseases come in many forms that are too plentiful to go into detail over.) In most cases, woman will get temporary problems (eg. gestational diabetes) that will disappear after pregnancy.
Unable to support: It is also argued that if a woman's body cannot support the baby she should get an abortion to protect herself. It really depends on the context of the statement. From a rudimentary level, a woman is incapable of taking care of her own body, she should not be having her period. If she still has her period but is known to be frail, chances are she is unable conceive. The probability of her becoming noticeably pregnant are slim: if the body cannot support the baby, it will die off in an early state (being zygote.) This is otherwise known as a Miscarriage or an SoA: Spontaneous abortion. The woman would perhaps not even know she was pregnant because she would have her period according to track, the zygote remains too small to be seen by the naked eye.
Example: A woman becomes pregnant, maintains the pregnancy, but there is a complication along the way. When it comes to severe pregnancy disorders and diseases where Bed rest is recommended. Bed rest, reorganized by the American Pregnancy Association, is a state in which a woman will be relaxing and taking regular check-ups to normalize her body and help the fetus develop properly.
This has occurred to one of my older friends as well as my cousin. Interestingly enough, my cousin's doctor prescribed a hormone that would kill the fetus. Neither the cousin or her husband wanted to take this option, but they thought it was their only option. No matter the dosage, the baby refused to be killed off. The prescribed drugs actually resulted in the pregnancy being more difficult for my cousin-- putting her on bed rest during the second trimester. In the end, my cousin gave birth to a girl in 2010. The daughter is perfectly healthy.
Pregnancy Pains: During pregnancy, a woman will feel severe pain. She will have back cramps, swelling feet, feel sweaty, fatigue, and even have psychological troubles such as insomnia. This is normal for all women during pregnancy. The body is working hard to create a healthy baby and as it grows it shifts its position (preparing for birth) and puts stress on the woman's back. With a poor diet, the woman will feel fatigued. She will become constipated if she does not drink enough fluids daily.
A sick mother: During pregnancy the immune system of a woman degenerates, so without a doubt pregnancy and illness can be very deadly. Still, that does not warrant an abortion. For the most part, a woman will NOT die if she is pregnant and has a cold or the flu-- that is, assuming she takes good care of herself (gets rest, keeps stress to a minimum, eats properly, drinks water, ect.)
To avoid the flu all together is a good idea-- pregnant, thinking about becoming pregnant, or not pregnant. If a pregnant woman gets all of her pregnancy-approved vaccines, she should not become terribly ill. If the mother takes care of the situation before it gets out of hand, severe, “abortion-worthy” problems should not occur. Flu vaccination will not harm the pregnancy.
Abortion and Cancer Risk: Until recently, it was believed that abortion may contribute cervical cancer. New research finds that abortion has no correlation to cancer risk. Interestingly enough, research shows that full term pregnancies reduce cancer risk, especially if the mother breastfeeds.
Birth Defect Children: People don't want to have children with birth defects such as cleft lip, underdeveloped organs/limbs, ect. It is emotionally difficult to deal with, but it can be done. With the medical technology we have in this generation, than chances of a birth defect child surviving are unmatched by previous generations.
If a family is unable to gain access to technology, it is still proven a child with birth defects (depending on which) can survive- it just takes a few more precautions to raise than a healthy baby. Children with cleft lip have a hard time eating and the chances of them starving to death before age two is a possability. If the mother takes precautions to feeding the baby, he/she can survive and grow to be relatively happy and healthy.
Conjoined twins have also been known to have high survival ratings, again, if precautions are taken carefully. Even if they may have minor disabilities, they are still able to survive.
Birth Defect by Substance Abuse: Having to do with behavior instead of biology, I make a concession. If mothers are substance abusers, pro-choice advocates argue it ethical to abort the baby. Bad mothering goes a long way, introducing health risks include cocaine addiction “crack baby,” Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, and Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAS, FAE respectively.) I have examined brain slides of healthy babies and affected babies. The results break my heart and fill me with utter rage. Known as toxic parenting, there is salvation if the mother stops drinking/smoking during the pregnancy (and to a lesser extent, the father-- YES, the father effects prenatal development as well.) If she has a strong support group, recuperation (at least for the duration of the pregnancy) it is possible to have a healthy child. These illnesses only occur if the mother is irresponsible-- and in some cases I have read women will deliberately drink and smoke to cause miscarriage. If they give birth, the children will have multiple disabilities ranging from mild to severe. I As much as I protest the use of harmful substances during pregnancy, I am well aware it takes away a woman's freedom to smoke, especially if she suffers the neurological effects of addiction / detox. I bitterly remain silent in the face of smoking, drinking pregnant women.
Abnormal Pregnancies: I am very concerned about the number of Ectopic pregnancies. Ectopic pregnancies are events in which prenatal development occurs in places other than the uterus. This includes the ovaries, the fellopiantube, the intestines, or the abdominal region. These places are not designed to carry offspring, and are more likely than not, going to erupt and cause severe medical disadvantages to women. An operational procedure known as laparotomy is often used to combat these pregnancies, ending in abortion.
If this is true, then that means the baby cannot be saved. However, science, once again, has developed a way in which a ecliptic embryo may be saved. Ecliptic pregnancies can be tested very early in the pregnancy. I strongly advise pregnancy woman seek medical attention as soon as possible if they are pregnant, especially if they may be at risk of these types of pregnancies (see footnotes.) If they are carrying a misplaced embryo, it may be salvaged through embryonic transfer. This can only be done very early on in the pregnancy, otherwise, survival is futile and a Laparotomy would become necessary. (NOTE: A Laparotomy is not an abortive process as itself, so it cannot necessarily be considered a medical procedure of abortion.)
Aftermath of abortion: According to law (in some countries), doctors are no longer allowed to tell their patients of the risks of abortion. The lack of abortion education can cause harm to the expecting mother. In other cases, the abortus may actually survive the abortion. (See Survivors of Abortion section.)
An abortion (preformed by a physician or by any other person by any method) can cause reproductive harm to the woman. She could become diseased from an abortion, even if preformed at a legally certified clinic. In all cases, the woman's chances of having a miscarriage or having premature births for later pregnancies also increase.
Possible Trauma: Psychologically, a woman or those surrounding her (e.g., the father of the child) are likely to feel guilt after having one or multiple abortions (not automatically but as time continues. Statistically, 70% or so of the women who abort feel instantly relieved, however, within the course of 10 to 30 years, many cases have reverted to guilt. Please make note that it does not happen to every woman who get’s an abortion.) This is known as Abortion Trauma Syndrome.
Misc Uncategorized information that supports the pro-life philosophy.
Overpopulation: On the November of 2011, the world witnessed the birth of the 7th billion baby. It is true, there are many humans in the world-- but what it missing from the argument is the statistics of who is having the children.
Fifteen countries worldwide have a higher death rate than birth rate, coming from northern and western Europe, the Caribbeans, and pacific (such as New Zealand and Australia). Fifty-one countries are unable to replenish their populations, due to the fact the statistics of children per woman is less than 2.1 (which I will round to two because its impossible to have a fraction of a child.) Other “developed” nations are either maintain population or decreasing by minimal decimal points.
The populations that are responsible for overpopulation myth come from “gradually-developed nations,” especially the “least-developed nations.” Due to poverty in an unstable economy, birthrates skyrocket. The continent most responsible for the skyrocketing birthrates is Asia with over 1/3 of the entire world population.
The answer is not the neo-Malthusian claim to radical birth control, but education. Statistics from many "developed" and "developing" continents express that the higher the education rate, the less births occur (hence Europe and the Americas staying relatively the same, Africa somewhat increasing and Asia skyrocketing.) With proper education and employment, the population will, in theory, stabilize.
Abortion is naturally occurring: This is a very warped statement. There are two types of abortions: induced and spontaneous. The type of abortion that occurs naturally is spontaneous abortion (SoA, SA) otherwise known by its softer name, miscarriage. Miscarriage results from stress, psychical pressure, illness, and disease. Stressors include a lack of resources or predation. The other form which pro-choice advocate for is strictly induced abortion, which does not occur naturally.
The only known creature that can induce abortion is the male pipefish, rejecting eggs from the less desirable female pipefish-- that is he carries eggs until a prettier pipefish says hello. Since male pipefish have nothing to do with female humans, the assertion of the male pipefish abortion is invalid.
Adoption. (copied from “I‘m Not Prepared” section.) Many woman, even those who wish to keep their baby, may be unable to care for the child emotionally / physically / financially, ect. However, they chose to give their child to a different woman because they can give the child the safe and supported environment they deserve. Tightly knit communities are more than willing to care for the baby when a mother cannot. It may take extra investment for the expecting mother, but in the end it really makes a big difference. Instead of simply terminating a life, she has the potential of giving her baby and the adopting family a higher quality of life.
Logical Fallacies on both sides There are logical fallacies that both pro-life and pro-choice advocates pin at each other. Here are some explanation to why these arguments should not be used
Human Potential Fallacy: Although weakening my argument, I wish to point out the fallacy of human potential. An embryo is human life of human potential, but the quality or quantity of the potential is not known. Therefore, this argument cannot be used by either pro-lifers or pro-choice advocates.
Survivors of Abortion
The role of induced abortion is to terminate the fetus (which them become an abortus) and end the woman's gestation. At random occurrence, the fetus does not die.
Biology behind the claim: On Average, a 24 week (6 month gestation) old fetus can survive outside of the body. The youngest abortus to survive outside the body was 21 weeks old (5.25 months developing.) At this point in time their bodies are developed to the point they can survive outside of the body, but the brain is still maturing. There are two factors to consider about neural development. The first, the hindbrain structures develop before the front brain structures. Secondly, features have “switch on gates” that control prenatal development. If these gates are inhibited by whatever reason, the child is likely to be mentally or physically handicapped. These things known, surviving abortuses are likely to have cognitive and mechanical disabilities. Although impaired, they are still capable of living and will struggle to survive. There are other factors that contribute to fetal survival, including birth weight, placental abruption, multiple pregnancies (eg., twins, triplets), gender, and the number of miscarriages/abortions prior to the pregnancy.
Real-life example: Gianna Jessen (b. 1977) was aborted during the first month of the gestation period through saline abortion. Aborted alive, doctors left her untreated to die. A nurse took pity on her and brought her to the intensive care unit where she recuperated. Her biological parents were informed, choosing to put her in adoption. The forced birth gave her cerebral palsy, a neural disability inhibiting motor skills. Overcoming even more odds than expected, Jessen is now able to walk.
Humans, whether it be by conscious will or biological ability, will challenge their odds of survival. Jessen’s story is but one survival story. There are many other stories to be found and read, such as Sarah Smith, Heidi Huffington, Amy Charlton, and “Tim”.
Conclusion and last thoughts
Having a baby is not the end of the world, and abortion isn't always the logical or ethical choice.
Babies are, infact, our future. Now, I'm not trying to criminalize abortions. I'm trying to spread awareness to it. Even if abortion has become such a freedom that people can get it without begin asked both psychological and heath questions, I know that means not everyone will get one. For that, I am thankful. So I just hope to say that I hope to lessen the statistics of abortions preformed yearly, monthly, daily.
In general, getting abortion stops the existence of the child, but it doesn't necessarily mean that it never existed. Thank you for reading this.
You're also entitled to an opinion. I do not demand agreement on all or anything I have issued. All I ask is civility and mutual respect on the behalf of pro-life and pro-choice philosophy. Thank you for reading this.
12. [link] Colds and Flu during Pregnancy - What-To-Expect Pregnancy and Parenting Website
13. [link] Pregnancy and the Flu- Palo Alto Medical Facility
1. [link] I'm not Sorry: Women who have something positive to say about their abortions
WHY: I feature this website above all others because it holds credible accounts from honest women. I do not trust political agencies because they have a way of twisting the truth AND I'm not interested in arguing the politics of abortion.
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